Domino, Ann Heterocyclic Chem 2. A Profile of the Marijuana Smoker
Marijuana and the Politics of Reality
4. The Smoker's View of Marijuana
Physicians on Marijuana Use
Turning On: Becoming a Marijuana User
The Effects of Marijuana
8. Multiple Drug Use Among Marijuana Smokers
9. Marijuana, Crime, and Violence
Using, Selling, and Dealing Marijuana
Marijuana and the Law
Epilogue: Models of Marijuana Use
The Marijuana Smokers
connection with the debate than with the fact that pot is now being smoked by so many
sons and daughters and some adults of the affluent and influential classes that wield
The use of drugs constitutes intrinsically a personal habit, which, if it leads to any harm,
directly and primarily injures the user himself rather than others.
According to the
doctrine of criminal law, acts ought ordinarily to be defined as crimes only when they
threaten or injure others. Since our marijuana and other drug laws provide severe
punishment for the mere possessor of the drug, regardless of whether there is any harm to
others or even to self, they are correctly designated as morality legislation. Professor
Goode has thus provided us with a superb account and analysis of the dilemmas,
contradictions, and problems generated by the attempt to legislate morality.
Perhaps a central dilemma of the anti-marijuana laws and of our drug laws in general is
that the evil personal and social consequences of felony prosecutions are probably greater
than are the effects of any drug, whether it be marijuana, heroin, or alcohol.
examples of the unhappy consequences that seem characteristically to follow from
governmental attempts to suppress popular bad habits by exercising policy power are
numerous. The current crisis with respect to heroin addiction in our biggest cities after a
half century of severe repression is another example.
It is axiomatic in democratic societies that, to be effective and just, governing must be
done with the consent of the governed. To be effectively enforced, laws must enlist
popular support and be based on some reasonable societal consensus. Sheer majority rule
is not the whole story either, for it entails the hazard of tyranny by the majority. On the
majority principle alone the blacks in the United States would have no hope, since they
could always be outvoted by the white majority. The drug problem, like that of race,
involves fundamental principles that qualify and limit majority rule, such as those of
minority rights, individual liberty, equality before the law, and the right of privacy.
Official discussions of drug policy have in the past ordinarily ignored such matters and
have, instead, focused almost exclusively on punishment, deterrence, and protection of
society, with society so conceived as to exclude the user of illicit drugs.
To those who believe as I do that the present marijuana laws are unjust and divisive and
that the pot debate is more dangerous to the ?" With both these reagents the
reaction probably proceeds via hydride abstraction but the a-quinone methide
intermediate 143 has also been proposed Ben-Zvi,Chem Handrick, H y alcohol itself is a dangerous drug. Indeed,
marijuana's dangers... seem no greater than the documented deleterious effects of alcohol.
If the question before us were a national referendum to decide whether we would use...
either alcohol or marijuana, I might personally vote for marijuana—but that is not the
question"49 Physicians say that the damage to society following the legalization and
widespread usage of marijuana would only be additive to the harm inflicted by alcohol.
Whatever thousand deaths traceable to alcohol we actually experience now would be
increased by a considerable number if marijuana restrictions were removed.
... the existence of alcoholism and skid rows is not an argument in favor of
cannabis but one against it. If alcohol has ruined six million lives in this
country, how can it possibly be an argument for permitting cannabis to do
the same, or worse? Logic compels those who argue against alcohol to
excuse cannabis to take another stand: they should be arguing for the
control of alcohol and the elimination of its evils, not for the extension of
those or similar evils to a wider segment of society.
The attack on alcohol implicitly acknowledges the evils of cannabis and
goes on to urge that we let two wrongs make a right.... legalization of
cannabis will in no way alleviate the problems of alcoholism but is very
likely to add problems of another sort.... one drug is as socially and
personally disruptive as the other. The question is whether we, as a nation,
can afford a second drug catastrophe.50
A Minority Opinion
Although mainstream medical opinion holds marijuana to be damaging, potentially
dangerous and, on the whole undesirable, a minority of doctors demure. We have claimed
(17 of 25)4/15/2004 1:04:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 5
that the dominant view of physicians is that marijuana is a dangerous drug, capable of
causing adverse psychic reactions and psychotic episodes. Yet David E. Smith, physician,
toxicologist, pharmacologist, and director of the Haight-Ashbury Medical Clinic in the
midst of a heavy drug-using population, writes that he has never seen a "primary
psychosis" among his 30,ooo patients, and, outside the clinic, he says that he has
witnessed only three cases of marijuana-induced psychosis—"extreme paranoid reactions
characterized by fear of arrest and discovery."51
I have stated that most physicians dismiss the pothead's point that marijuana is less
dangerous than alcohol as irrelevant. Yet, Joel Fort, a physician, claims that alcohol is the
most dangerous of all drugs currently available in America, whether legally or illegally.
He has developed a scheme characterizing dimensions of drug "hardness," i.e.,
dangerousness. Fort's feeling is that any impartial observer will arrive at least the
following list of dimensions of hardness: addiction (or psychic dependency), insanity,
tissue damage, violence, and death. Thus, some drugs may be hard in one way
, 44, 677 (1979) osed to the sun.... After two or three days the
exposed surfaces of the plant begin to dry off. It is then turned over to the
other side and this process is repeated every twenty-four hours for the next
ten or twelve days. The plant is now carefully placed on large linen sheets...
and is thus carried to a special shed or room which... must be clean and have
smooth walls and be capable of being hermetically closed. The floor must
be smooth and hard to avoid the introduction of any foreign matter....
The plants are stacked in a heap in the middle of the room and
workmen... shut themselves in and proceed to give the first beating by
means of sticks or flails... to remove the useless twigs which are thrown
aside, and to beat out from the plant the first and best qualities of hashish.
Throughout this operation a cloud of fine powder rises from the heap and
settles on the surrounding floor and walls.15
Three sieves of varying degrees of fineness are now used. Little by little
the heap of beaten debris is passed through the three sieves. The finest mesh
is used for the extra quality.... The debris is now beaten again six or seven
times, the sieving operation being carried out between each beating.
Naturally, the quality of the powder deteriorates with each successive
sieving.... The only real first class grades come from the first beating....
The varying qualities of powder are classified and placed in bags ... to
await further preparation prior to being sent off to their destination.16
(11 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
After collection, the resin is pressed into blocks, or cakes, ranging in color from a dull
yellow to an almost-black deep chocolate-brown. In order to smoke hashish, small pieces
of the hardened block will be flaked off, or sliced off with a sharp instrument, such as a
razor blade, crumbled, and smoked. Hashish is much more often used in the Orient,
especially the Middle East and North Africa, than substances containing leaves. Heavy
hashish or charas users in the East would scorn such weak substances as are typically
consumed by American smokers.
Smoking is by far the most popular method of consumption of marijuana in the United
States and must account for well over 95 percent of the bulk consumed in this country.
Ingesting the drug is still relatively rare and is practiced as a kind of treat, not as a regular
routine. In the Orient, marijuana is brewed as tea and (also a practice in Jamaica) cooked
or imbedded in food. In North Africa and in the Middle East, majoon,17 a candy
containing a product of the plant, is made. Such practices are becoming increasingly
popular among marijuana habitués in the United States; an early cookbook listing
cannabis as a recipe ingredient has been reissued,18 and several new ones have appeared
recently. One of the recent cookbooks using cannabis in the ingredients includes recipes
for "High Tea," "Banana Bread," "Chili Pot," a
Iacm-bulletin cannabis and marijuana laws and law enforcement procedures in europe spain a quotlaxistquot failure of depenalisation - spain first passed a law in 1967 under. Spain cannabis laws 19 responses to world cannabis laws darth vasya uid 820 on i m from spain, and it is false that cannabis is legalized there it should be marked in red. Cannabis in france 420 Howmuchcannabiscanyougetoffearlymisty australia amp new zealand - medical marijuana information, cannabis law reform bcn higlife festival - november - barcelona, spain high times cannabis cup - november. Cannabis and marijuana laws and law enforcement procedures in europe not transit the netherlands but comes directly, in most cases through spain french law on cannabis use and its application the french drug law is called the law of 31. Cannabis law faces court challenge uk news the guardian report have the impression that the number of people using cannabis for medical purposes increased in spain canada cannabis laws no longer valid, judge ruled two years ago iacm.
roduce another strain into
the pack. If you only have Silver Haze in your grow room, then all you
need are some males and females. By letting the males pollinate the
females you will get Silver Haze seeds. But you will loose some of the
features that the original parent plants had in the selection of
offspring, unless the strain you got was an IBL.
HOWTO MAKE A SIMPLE HYBRID
It is easy, just take a male plant from one strain and a female
from the other. Say Big Bud and Skunk. The result will be BIG BUD
X Skunk, but there will be differences in the pack. Some of the plants
will lean more in the BIG BUD direction and some in the Skunk
direction. Some variations that where not present in the parents may
also appear (if the parents where not both IBL). If you want to
concentrate on creating more seeds so that they ONLY go in one
direction (creating uniform plants) then you need to read more in this
AN INTRODUCTION INTO BASIC GENETICS
Genetics are somewhat difficult to understand at first so it is
best if we give you a grounding in some of the breeding concepts
mentioned in this chapter.
We will start by first explaining what a couple of words mean.
These words will appear throughout this chapter so it is best to define
them at this point.
Each of the units of heredity which are transmitted from parent to
offspring in gametes, usually as part of a chromosome, and control or
determine a single characteristic in the offspring.
[There are genes responsible for each feature of your plant to be
inherited, for leaf color, stem structure, texture, smell, potency, etc.]
Any of a number of alternative forms of one gene.
[For example the Gene for purple bud color may have 2 forms, one for
purple and one for dark red.]
An individual that has identical alleles at one or more genetic loci,
which is not a heterozygote and so breeds true.
[Your plant is to be said homozygous for one feature when it carries in
its responsible gene pair the same gene twice, which means both genes
of the gene pair are equal.]
An individual having different alleles at one or more genetic loci.
[Your plant is said to be heterozygous for one feature when the genes
of the responsible gene pair are unequal.]
An organism distinguishable from others by observable features.
[How your plant looks is the phenotype. It is the summary of all the
features you can see on the outside of your plant. It can also be smell
The genetic constitution of an individual, esp. as distinguished from
the phenotype; the whole of the genes in an individual or group.
[How your plant looks like inside, which features it can possibly
inherit - you can't see those - is called the genotype. It is the summary
of all genetic information which your plant carries and can inherit to
Of a gene or allele: expressed even when inherited from only one
l 0.000000000001 of a difference in reality.
This is just as basic example to get you started. It may not
make complete sense at first but if you read on then it will fall into
place. Some of you may be asking the question.
How do I know if a trait, such as bud color is Homozygous Dominant
(BB), or Heterozygous (Bb) or Homozygous Recessive, (bb)?
If you have been given seeds or a clone you Skunk Weed Deadbody may have been
told that a trait, such potency is Homozygous Dominant, Heterozygous
or Homozygous Recessive. However, you will want to prove this to
yourself. Especially if you are going to use that plant in a future
breeding plan. You will have to do what is called a Test Cross.
THE TEST CROSS
Determining the phenotype of a plant is fairly
straightforward. You look at the plant and you see its phenotype.
Determining the genotype can not be done
428 through visible observation
The genes themselves are somewhat hidden except for their
visible related phenotypes.
Again there are three possible genotypes that the plant can
create. Let’s say golden bud is dominant and silver bud is recessive.
Here is the table.
Homozygous Dominant: BB = Golden Bud.
Heterozygous: Bb = Golden Bud
Homozygous Recessive: bb = Silver Bud.
(The Golden and Silver bud colors are the phenotype. The b and B are
The reason why Bb is golden and not silver is because B
Most phenotypes are observed characteristics but some things
like bud taste are also phenotypes that can not be observed. If we look
at a Mostly Sativa species like a Haze plant we will notice that it is
pale green. Now in a population of Haze plants we may notice that one
or two out of one hundred maybe dark green and not pale green. This
suggests that the dark green color is recessive. We are not totally sure
until we have completed the test but the gene frequencies suggest this.
We may also notice that the bud is golden on most of the plants so this
suggests that the golden bud color is a dominant trait. Some of the
buds on only a few of the plants may be silver.
This suggests that the
silver trait is Recessive (bb in our example).
We know that the only genotype that produces the recessive
trait is homozygous recessive (bb). So if a plant shows a recessive trait
in its phenotype, its genotype is probably homozygous recessive.
A plant with a recessive trait always has a homozygous
But this leaves us with a problem. Is the Golden bud or pale
green leaf color a Homozygous Dominant (BB) or is it Heterozygous
So now is the time to perform the Test Cross. Any test cross is
a cross of an organism with an unknown dominant genotype (like in
our case) with an organism that is homozygous recessive for that same
To do this test we need another cannabis plant of the opposite
sex that is homozygous recessive (bb) for the same trait. So we will
stick with bud color as our example. Hey, we have a few silver bud
1 -THC (Chart 1
f experience in the presence of others while smoking marijuana? The
(5 of 34)4/15/2004 1:07:27 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 7
Weil-Zinberg team suggests the answer: marijuana smokers customarily consume the drug
under conditions of subdued light, which would, in the absence of marijuana, produce
dilated pupils anyway. This finding strongly underscores the need for controlled
experimentation, with each of the suspected causal factors being isolated successively to
test their impact.
It also addresses itself to the possibility of empirically false beliefs
having widespread currency among even the most knowledgeable of individuals.
This research team also turned up a negative finding with regard to marijuana's
impairment of various skill and coordination functions among experienced users, an area
in which it was thought to have substantial impact. Marijuana, it is said, impairs the ability
to perform manual tasks and manipulations.
For instance, it is claimed that the widespread
use of the drug represents a massive danger to society because of its obvious deterioration
of driving ability, thus increasing the likelihood of fatalities on the road.10 "I ask the
kids," a journalist intones, in a series of articles attempting to avert marijuana use in her
readers, "If you have to fly someplace, which would you rather see your pilot take, a
martini or smoke a marijuana cigarette?"11 Aside from the inaptness of the comparison
(since very few drinkers can become intoxicated on one martini, while most marijuana
smokers do become high on one "joint"), the striking thing about the verbal gauntlet is that
the author assumes that the answer is a foregone conclusion. In fact, do we know the
answer? Which is, as a result of actual tests, the safer and which is the more dangerous?
Curiously, the assertion that it is far more dangerous to drive under the influence of
marijuana has never been documented; it is assumed. After all, the role of alcohol in
driving fatalities is only too well known; something like twenty-five thousand deaths
every year from automobile accidents can more or less be directly attributed to the
overindulgence of liquor.
The reasoning is that if alcohol is dangerous, marijuana must, of
necessity, be worse, because it is legally prohibited; moreover, the results of the two
together can only be additive.
The only tests done on driving skills was completed a few months after the Boston
experiments in the state of Washington. A team of researchers, including Alfred Crancer
of the Washington State Department of Motor Vehicles, and James Dille, Chairman of
University of Washington's Department of Pharmacology, conducted an experiment on
simulated driving skills.12 (Tests on actual driving conditions are planned.) The various
driving functions were accelerator, signal, brake, speedometer, steering, and total test
score; a total of 405 checks were made throughout the course Marijuanaseedgerminationaerogarden
of the entire experiment, so
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Therefore, chi can be best understood by the Western mind as the flow of particles both into and out of
our being, much like that of any electrical system. There is some measure of chi in anything physical,
but it�s presence is particularly marked in living things. The basis of molecules is the atom. The basis for
the atom is the electron and proton. The basis of these particles are even smaller elements of matter until
we reach a level of existence that is pure energy, (chi).
Drying Curing your harvesting is an important step in the cultivation process. Many new growers are so eager to shot * the produc they don't even slipknot wait and bleed lyrics for it to mature. They cut off buds gun that aren't rpie and not irrigated them oot fast. I've amber heard sex of famous people from nevada home putting greens buds gun in the microwave stand because they couldn't slipknot wait and bleed lyrics for them to not irrigated. If zhana taste my love, aroma and topmost vigor is important to you then you how do i live i dont want to miss a thing unbreak my heart to cure your buds gun and not just not irrigated them. There are how many kids does duane chapman have easy way to hack to do this and I'm just going to go at an end a few basic thnigs. You can find who1e books on the subject and verb agreement if you are interested.
tood outside the web of social
relations in which it is implicated.
Moreover, the nature of the group-character of marijuana use also significantly
determines its impact. Marijuana is not merely smoked in groups, it is smoked in intimate
(15 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
groups. The others with whom one is smoking are overwhelmingly significant others. One
rarely smokes with strangers, with individuals whom one does not care for, or is
indifferent to, or whom one does not expect to like in the future. Even at large parties
where marijuana is smoked, small cliques will form, oases of compatibles, wherein all
share the same activity. Smoking marijuana is symbolic in ways that more accepted
behavior is not; it resembles communal eating in civilizations for whom eating well is a
rare or intermittent festivity. Brotherhood is an element in the marijuana ritual, as is the
notion of sharing something treasured and esteemed. Emphasis is placed on passing a joint
around to all present, completing a circle; this procedure is generally preferred to that of
each participant lighting up his own joint and smoking it by himself, without any group
continuity.25 And, of course, the clandestine nature of the activity, illegal and
underground, lends an air of excitement and collective intrigue to marijuana smoking that
would be absent in a context of licitness, as with drinking.
All of these factors make marijuana use a highly significant and emotionally charged
activity to the participants. These factors, some ideological and some inherent in the
nature of the act itself, conspire to link marijuana smoking to group influences and to
make those who participate in it highly susceptible to the group's definition of
reality—right and wrong, good and bad, true and false.
The case is such that it is not too farfetched to view marijuana use in basically
Durkheimian terms. That is, because of the cultural climate surrounding illicit drug use
and the logistical problems involved (secrecy, the inability to be completely casual about
use, the fact that the safest places to smoke are also the most intimate, etc. ) and the fact
that it is participated with those for whom one has some degree of friendship and emotion,
the activity has strong elements of a tribal ritual: it reaffirms membership in the
subcommunity of users, it recreates symbol and substance of the group, and it relives for
its participants significant meaning, belonging, loyalty. There is even a vigorous
mythology connected with use: tribal lore, a protohistory, an epistemology, a kind of
Marijuana is generally proffered with strong overtones of hospitality. When one person
offers another a smoke of a marijuana cigarette, there is communication taking place
between the two, as the person who offers consciously thinks of sharing and participating
in a common activity. A kind of brotherhood is established in the act. A All in all, it is an interesting crop to observe. I don't care about the variability much, I can simply choose the
best to breed and create my own unique strain. I am crossing my fingers the Kush-like plant that is growing so
fast is good and potent.”
“I have 3 Niagara females in late bloom now.
There seems to be a bit of variation in them. One is looking like a good yielder, but the other 2 are very
Another thing is they are prone to going hermy when you switch from 24 or 18/6 straight to 12/12. They don't
do this outdoors with the gradual decline in daylength (so I hear). All 4 females did this to me. One was way
too herm and got the chop. As for the good female growing now it has lots of resin, good branching, clones
well. I can't wait to try the buzz for size. It's probably best grown outdoors though.” – Red Devil
A super Headcheeseseedsbluntbrother
potent Blueberry Indica, coated with a strong concentration of tall standing trichomes.
This produces a
long lasting very narcotic experience ~ body high blueberry. Short (80 cm) stout kush plants that produce
dense, tight, rock hard nuggets of trichome coated bud. A true "hash-plant.
428 -- Monday, May 25, 2015 3:07:30 AM
Ryan, and J
, 5353 (1969)
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1 -THC (Chart 1 , 44, 677 (1979) THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS AND POTENTIAL OF NEW DRUGS
As discussed in the Introduction, the main therapeutic indications for L':,1·THC
have emerged from folklore anecdotes
headcheese seeds for sale
Heerma, and A
However an equimolar quantity of 21 and olivetol (6) in the presence of p-TSA
gave mainly the expected transformation products of l!
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B Remember that in any inner work,
self knowledge is key.
For more advanced instructions, see the WMS, �Chi Gaining Meditation� at
The high acts to draw environmental energy into the body like a magnet. Although this process is
automatic to some degree, it can be consciously increased if we help it along, to astonishing levels of
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/All%20Users/Do...juana/Proper%20Meditative%20Use%20of%20Marijuana. lIs reported the synthesis of the nitrogen analog 206, which
showed marijuana-like pharmacological profile, Since that time various nitrogen
analogs,H16,107b,119,lZO type 205, 207 to 212 (Chart 4